Nature and Freedom: A Heideggerian Critique of Biocentric and Sociocentric Environmentalism

Environmental Ethics 17 (2):171-190 (1995)
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Abstract

A reformulation of our understanding of freedom is required if we are adequately to confront the environmental crisis. Engaging the debate between biocentric ecologists and sociocentric ecologists, I argue that the biocentric effort to ascribe rights to nature is misbegotten. In turn, I suggest that the sociocentric effort to seek ecological realignment through the extension of human reason is equally problematic. Martin Heidegger, who rejects both “negative” and “positive” notions of liberty, offers an understanding of human freedom that constitutes an ecologically attuned alternative.

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The Nation-State and the Potential for Earthly Dwelling.Julie Kuhlken - 2011 - Philosophy Today 55 (Supplement):255-262.

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