Philosophy Compass 5 (5):398-411 (2010)
Kant's 'Copernican Revolution', which began in the Critique of Pure Reason (1781/1787), had, by the early 1790s, fundamentally altered the terrain of German philosophy – but not entirely in the way that Kant had foreseen. Skeptical challenges to Kant's discursive account of cognition, in which experience arises from the separate faculties of sensibility and understanding, had led thinkers such as K.L. Reinhold and J.G. Fichte to attempt to provide a first, foundational principle for the critical philosophy. These efforts were enormously influential, but by the middle of the 1790s, they too were facing a great deal of critical scrutiny. The central challenge to the Fichtean project came from an unlikely quarter: a group of young thinkers and poets who are collectively known as the early Romantics. For the Romantics, Fichte's project remains too 'subjectivist', for it tries to provide an account of the world by beginning with the conditions that govern subjectivity alone. Rather, the Romantics argue that the world must be understood in terms of a monistic Absolute, akin to Spinoza's substance, in which all dualisms are overcome. It is with this step that Absolute Idealism comes on the scene, and sets the stage for the development of Hegel's system in the early 1800s. This essay, which continues the story of 'Who's Who from Kant to Hegel I', examines the ways in which early Romanticism reacted to the Fichtean project, looks at a variety of anti-foundationalist idealisms that the Romantics – in particular Hölderlin, Novalis, Schlegel, and Schleiermacher – developed, and traces the role that Friedrich Schelling plays in offering the first systematic account of Absolute Idealism.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
All or Nothing: Systematicity, Transcendental Arguments, and Skepticism in German Idealism.Paul Franks - 2005 - Harvard University Press.
Between Kant and Hegel: Lectures on German Idealism.Dieter Henrich - 2003 - Harvard University Press.
German Philosophy, 1760-1860: The Legacy of Idealism.Terry P. Pinkard - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
The Fate of Reason: German Philosophy From Kant to Fichte.Frederick Beiser - 1987 - Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Does Kant’s Opus Postumum Anticipate Hegel’s Absolute Idealism?Kenneth R. Westphal - 2009 - In E.-O. Onnasch (ed.), Kants Philosophie der Natur. Ihre Entwicklung bis zum Opus postumum und Nachwirkung. deGruyter.
The Romantic Absolute.Alison Stone - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (3):497-517.
Kant, Hegel, and the Fate of “the” Intuitive Intellect.Kenneth R. Westphal - 2000 - In S. Sedgwick (ed.), The Reception of Kant’s Critical Philosophy: Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Who's Who From Kant to Hegel I: In the Kantian Wake.Peter Thielke - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (5):385-397.
Added to index2010-05-07
Total downloads40 ( #123,613 of 2,143,774 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #280,512 of 2,143,774 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.