Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2001)
Mental imagery (varieties of which are sometimes colloquially refered to as “visualizing,” “seeing in the mind's eye,” “hearing in the head,” “imagining the feel of,” etc.) is quasi-perceptual experience; it resembles perceptual experience, but occurs in the absence of the appropriate external stimuli. It is also generally understood to bear intentionality (i.e., mental images are always images of something or other), and thereby to function as a form of mental representation. Traditionally, visual mental imagery, the most discussed variety, was thought to be caused by the presence of picturelike representations (mental images) in the mind, soul, or brain, but this is no longer universally accepted
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Scrutinizing Visual Images: The Role of Gaze in Mental Imagery and Memory.Bruno Laeng, Ilona M. Bloem, Stefania D’Ascenzo & Luca Tommasi - 2014 - Cognition 131 (2):263-283.
Remarks on the Logic of Imagination. A Step Towards Understanding Doxastic Control Through Imagination.Heinrich Wansing - forthcoming - Synthese:1-19.
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