Authors
Amie Thomasson
Dartmouth College
Abstract
Despite the otherwise-dominant trends towards physicalism and naturalism in philosophy, it has become increasingly common for metaphysicians to accept the existence either of modal facts and properties, or of Lewisian possible worlds. This paper raises the historical question: why did these heavyweight realist views come into prominence? The answer is that they have arisen in response to the demand to find truthmakers for our modal statements. But this demand presupposes that modal statements are descriptive claims in need of truthmakers. This presupposition was, however, rejected by many earlier analytic philosophers, including the logical positivists, Wittgenstein, Ryle and Sellars, all of whom denied that modal statement were descriptive at all. Yet the non-descriptivist approach has largely fallen out of discussion and out of philosophical consciousness. In this paper I examine why non-descriptivist views first came into and then fell out of favor, and consider what the prospects are for reviving this more deflationary approach to modality
Keywords modalities, descriptivism, truth-makers
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Reprint years 2008, 2009
DOI 10.4148/biyclc.v4i0.132
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References found in this work BETA

On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Wiley-Blackwell.
The Concept of Mind.Gilbert Ryle - 1949 - Hutchinson & Co.
Language, Truth and Logic.A. J. Ayer - 1936 - London: V. Gollancz.
On the Plurality of Worlds.Allen Stairs - 1988 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (2):333-352.
Analyticity Reconsidered.Paul Boghossian - 1996 - Noûs 30 (3):360-391.

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Citations of this work BETA

Norms and Necessity.Amie L. Thomasson - 2013 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 51 (2):143-160.

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