Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (1):105-126 (2001)
Academic physiology, as it was taught by John Hughes Bennett during the 1870s, involved an understanding of the functions of the human body and the physical laws which governed those functions. This knowledge was perceived to be directly relevant and applicable to clinical practice in terms of maintaining bodily hygiene and human health. The first generation of medical women received their physiological education at Edinburgh University under Bennett, who emphasised the importance of physiology for women due to its relevance for the hygienic needs of the family and of society. With the development of laboratory-based science as a distinct aspect of medical education during the later nineteenth century, however, so the direct application of physiology to clinical practice diminished. The understanding of physiology as hygiene was marginalised by the new orthodoxy of scientific medicine. This shift in the physiological paradigm enabled medical women to stake out a specific field of interest within medicine which was omitted from the new definition of physiology as pure medical science: hygiene and preventive medicine. Women physicians were able to take advantage of the shift towards science as the basis of medical theory and practice to define their own specific role within the profession.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Phrenological Knowledge and the Social Structure of Early Nineteenth-Century Edinburgh.Steven Shapin - 1975 - Annals of Science 32 (3):219-243.
Feminist Theory and Historical Practice: Rereading Elizabeth Blackwell.Regina Morantz-Sanchez - 1992 - History and Theory 31 (4):51-69.
Physiology in American Women's Colleges: The Rise and Decline of a Female Subculture.Toby Appel - 1994 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 85:26-56.
Ideals of Science and Their Discontents in Late Nineteenth-Century American Medicine.John Warner - 1991 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 82:454-478.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
The Relation Between Medical Education and the Medical Profession's World View.Walter Burger - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):79-84.
Animal Experimentation: The Legacy of Claude Bernard.Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (3):195 – 210.
Women and Health Research: Ethical and Legal Issues of Including Women in Clinical Studies.Anna C. Mastroianni, Ruth R. Faden & Daniel D. Federman (eds.) - 1994 - National Academy Press.
Incurable Suffering From the “Hiatus Theoreticus”? Some Epistemological Problems in Modern Medicine and the Clinical Relevance of Philosophy of Medicine.Norbert Paul - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (3):229-251.
Hume's Influence on John Gregory and the History of Medical Ethics.Laurence B. McCullough - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):376 – 395.
The Pen and the Sword: Recovering the Disciplinary Identity of Physiology and Anatomy Before 1800 - I: Old Physiology-the Pen.A. Cunningham - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (4):631-665.
Where Medicine Went Wrong: Rediscovering the Path to Complexity.Bruce J. West - 2007 - World Scientific.
F.J.J. Buytendijk's Concept of an Anthropological Physiology.Wim J. M. Dekkers - 1995 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (1).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #326,792 of 2,153,331 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #76,272 of 2,153,331 )
How can I increase my downloads?