Authors
Joshua C. Thurow
University of Texas at San Antonio
Abstract
In this paper I develop and defend a new theory of the Atonement - the Communal Substitution Theory. According to the Communal Substitution Theory, by dying on the cross Jesus either takes on the punishment for, or offers satisfaction for, the sins of the human community. Individual humans have sinned, but human communities have sinned as well. Jesus dies for the communal sins. As a result, human communities are forgiven and reconciled to God, and through the event of communal forgiveness, individual human sins can be forgiven as well. Moving the focal point of atonement to communal sins has various advantages: well-known objections to satisfaction and penal theories are avoided, and many of the advantages of other theories of the atonement are organically integrated into the communal substitution theory.
Keywords atonement  collective responsibility  forgiveness
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DOI 10.12978/jat.2015-3.0914-65190722a
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References found in this work BETA

Responsibility and Atonement.Richard Swinburne - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
Collective Responsibility.Marion Smiley - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Do We Believe in Penal Substitution?David K. Lewis - 1997 - Philosophical Papers 26 (3):203 - 209.

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