Synthese 198 (11):10207-10235 (forthcoming)

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Abstract
Human freedom is in tension with nomological determinism and with statistical determinism. The goal of this paper is to answer both challenges. Four contributions are made to the free-will debate. First, we propose a classification of scientific theories based on how much freedom they allow. We take into account that indeterminism comes in different degrees and that both the laws and the auxiliary conditions can place constraints. A scientific worldview pulls towards one end of this classification, while libertarianism pulls towards the other end of the spectrum. Second, inspired by Hoefer, we argue that an interval of auxiliary conditions corresponds to a region in phase space, and to a bundle of possible block universes. We thus make room for a form of non-nomological indeterminism. Third, we combine crucial elements from the works of Hoefer and List; we attempt to give a libertarian reading of this combination. On our proposal, throughout spacetime, there is a certain amount of freedom that can be interpreted as the result of agential choices. Fourth, we focus on the principle of alternative possibilities throughout and propose three ways of strengthening it.
Keywords free will  libertarianism  physical theory  auxiliary conditions  principle of alternative possibilities  nomological determinism  statistical determinism  indeterminism  block universe  phase space
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Reprint years 2020
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-020-02714-z
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References found in this work BETA

The Principles of Psychology.William James - 1890 - London, England: Dover Publications.
An Essay on Free Will.Peter Van Inwagen - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility.Harry Frankfurt - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (23):829.
Living Without Free Will.Derk Pereboom - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
A Treatise on Probability.John Maynard Keynes - 1921 - London, England: Dover Publications.

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