Keeping It Implicit: A Defense of Foucault’s Archaeology of Knowledge

Abstract
This paper defends Michel Foucault’s notion of archaeology of knowledge against the influential and putatively devastating criticism by Dreyfus and Rabinow that Foucault’s archaeological project is based on an incoherent conception of the rules of the discursive practices it purports to study. I argue first that Foucault’s considered view of these rules as simultaneously implicit and historically efficacious corresponds to a general requirement for the normative structure of a discursive practice. Then I argue that Foucault is entitled to that view despite the charges to the contrary by Dreyfus and Rabinow. I also explain in detail how the argument by Dreyfus and Rabinow arises from a misunderstanding of Foucault’s archaeological project as transcendental inquiry, while archaeology of knowledge is, in fact, a diagnostic project. The result is a novel understanding of the notion of archaeology of knowledge that enables a reassessment of Foucault’s philosophical work in connection with current debates regarding the relationship between reflection and practice in the structure of thought.
Keywords Foucault  rule-following  theories of knowledge and justification  unconscious  knowledge-how  twentieth-century philosophy
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DOI 10.1017/apa.2015.29
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References found in this work BETA

The Return of the Myth of the Mental.Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2007 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 50 (4):352 – 365.
Against Intellectualism.Alva Noë - 2005 - Analysis 65 (4):278-290.
What Myth?John Mcdowell - 2007 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 50 (4):338 – 351.
Against Intellectualism.Alva NoË - 2005 - Analysis 65 (4):278-290.

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