The Journal of Ethics 19 (3-4):277-292 (2015)

Authors
Kevin Timpe
Calvin College
Abstract
In this paper I argue from a number of positions that are, while not uncontested, at least common among analytic philosophers of religion for the possibility, and indeed the plausibility, of a doctrine of limbo. The account of limbo that I advocate is substantially different than the element of Catholic speculative theology that goes by the same name. According to that doctrine, the limbus infantium is a place or state of perfect natural happiness for those who, prior to the age of reason, die without baptism. Given the possibility of ‘baptism by desire’, the need for limbo, as I shall develop it, is not based on whether or not an agent has received the sacrament of baptism. Instead limbo is, I argue, a place where individuals who have not had sufficient opportunity to be reconciled to God in the present life will be given the opportunity to do so in the next life. Limbo, so understood, is a place which allows for the post-mortem healing and growth of individuals so that they are able to choose either for or against God in the way required for redemption in this life. On this view, limbo is not a place of ‘second-chances’, but rather a place of first-chances for those who were denied them in their terrestrial life.
Keywords Disability  Free will  Grace  Libertarianism  Limbo  Sin
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DOI 10.1007/s10892-015-9208-3
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References found in this work BETA

Aquinas.Eleonore Stump - 2003 - Routledge.
Incompatibilism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven.Kevin Timpe & Timothy Pawl - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):396-417.
Free Will in Philosophical Theology.Kevin Timpe - 2013 - London: Bloomsbury Academic.
Anselm on Freedom.Katherin Rogers - 2008 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Disability and the Theodicy of Defeat.Aaron D. Cobb & Kevin Timpe - 2017 - Journal of Analytic Theology 5:100-120.

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