Is Scientific Research Driven by Opportunity, Problems, or Observations?

Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (3):424 - 437 (2008)

Abstract
With the recent rise of the philosophy of scientific practices, SSK (Sociology of Scientific Knowledge), and feminist approaches to the philosophy of science, a new perspective is gradually coming into being, holding that the starting point for scientific research is opportunity. Opportunistic features in solar neutrino experiments, Opportunistic features of complexity studies emerging from economics, and the measurement of insects' flight can prove the above perspective from different angels. It is important and significant to determine whether the starting point for scientific research is opportunity, a problem, or an observation. /// 近年来由于科学实践哲学的兴起,以及 SSK 和女性主义科学哲学研究的兴起, 科学研究始于机会的观点正在悄然形成之中。太阳中微子实验、复杂性研究和昆虫 飞行测量等案例都从不同角度证明了 "科学研究始于机会" 的观点。区别科学研究 "始于机会"、"始于问题" 和 "始于观察" 这三种观点,是重要而且有意义的。.
Keywords observation   starting point   problem   scientific research   opportunity
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DOI 10.1007/s11466-008-0027-5
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