Logica Universalis 13 (4):457-466 (2019)

Marcin Trepczyński
University of Warsaw
The article aims to show how the acceptance of non-monotonic logic enables arguments to be held between science and religion in a way that does not exclude either of these two spheres. The starting point of the analyses is the idea of the 13th century Danish philosopher, Boethius of Dacia, who states that it is both acceptable that: a natural scientist negates that the world had a beginning, and a Christian theologian asserts that the world had a beginning, because each of them is basing their statements on the principles of their respective discipline: the first on the principles of nature, and the latter on knowledge supplemented by divine revelation. What is more, analogically: a metaphysician, when limited to his principles, cannot settle the issue, as he takes into account supranatural beings and their powers, but cannot know what God or another powerful supranatural would have decided in a such a case. The paper shows that Boethius’s approach: violates the rule of monotonicity, cannot be finally interpreted in terms of classical logic and assumes certain non-monotonic logic as its inference framework. Other presented examples of arguments between religious beliefs and the statements of natural science are resolved in the same way. Thus, it is shown how non-monotonic thinking allows us to seriously treat both scientific and religious inference as compatible.
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DOI 10.1007/s11787-019-00230-4
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References found in this work BETA

Thomas Aquinas Non-Monotonically.Marcin Trepczynski - 2011 - Filozofia Nauki 19 (2):115.

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Pavel Florensky’s Theory of Religious Antinomies.Paweł Rojek - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (4):515-540.

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