In Marilyn Friedman (ed.), Women and Citizenship. Oup Usa. pp. 130--145 (2005)

Joan Tronto
CUNY Graduate Center
Tronto explores the “care crisis” that now pervades advanced industrial societies, in which women are doing more paid work and, consequently, less of the care work of civil society. Tronto urges advanced industrial societies to rethink who is responsible for care and recognize the role that government should play in ensuring that care is provided for those who need it. Unfortunately, citizenship has traditionally been defined in ways that make no provision for responsibilities to care for others. Tronto observes that “privatizing” care by relegating it to the marketplace does not provide a solution to the care crisis, since paid care work is subject to exploitation, partly because it is often done by illegal immigrants from Third World countries. Despite expecting privatization to be the likely solution to the problem, Tronto nevertheless recommends that care work be regarded as a governmental responsibility in order to make it more valued publicly.
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DOI 10.1093/0195175344.003.0008
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Citizenship and the State.M. Victoria Costa - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (6):987-997.
Home, Work and the Shifting Geographies of Care.Kim England - 2010 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 13 (2):131-150.
Home, Work and the Shifting Geographies of Care.Kim England - 2010 - Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (2):131-150.

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