Departing from Aristotle's two-fold definition of anthrōpos (human) as having logos and being political, the argument of this article is that human beings are always fundamentally political for Aristotle. This position challenges the view that ethical life is prior to or beyond the scope of political life. Aristotle's conception of the political nature of the human is developed through a reading of the linguistic argument at Politics 1.2; a careful treatment of autos, or self, in Aristotle; and an examination of the political nature of anthrōpos in the context of Aristotle's candidates for the best life in Politics VII.l-3 and Nicomachean Ethics X.6-8. From this consideration the compatibility between Aristotle's claims that anthrōpos is fundamentally political and that the highest end of the human is achieved in theoria is maintained, since even in pursuing the theoretic life, human beings take up the practical question of what the best life is.
Keywords Human being  anthrōpos  logos  Aristotle  best life
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DOI 10.1163/20512996-90000172
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Aristotle on Eudaimonia.J. L. Ackrill - 1974 - In Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. pp. 15-34.
Degrees of Finality and the Highest Good in Aristotle.Henry S. Richardson - 1992 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (3):327-352.
Aristotle on the Nature of Logos.John P. Anton - 2016 - Philosophical Inquiry 40 (3-4):23-45.
Nous and Logos in Aristotle.Richard Lee & Christopher Long - 2007 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 54 (3):348-367.
Aristotle on the Nature of Logos.John P. Anton - 1996 - Philosophical Inquiry 18 (1-2):1-30.

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