In this article I develop tools for analyzing the identities that emerge in qualitative material. I approach identities as historically, socially and culturally produced subject positions, as processes that are in a constant state of becoming and that receive their temporary stability and meaning in concrete contexts and circumstances. I suggest that the identities and subject positions that materialize in qualitative material can be analyzed from four different perspectives. They can be approached by focusing on (1) classifications that define the boundary lines between ‘us’ and ‘them’, as (2) participant roles that refer to the temporal aspect of subject positions and outline their meaning for action, as (3) structures of viewpoint and focalization that frame meaning and order to opinions and experiences of the world, and as (4) interactive positions that articulate the roles and identities taken by the participants of communication
Keywords qualitative material  subject position  narrative  identity  focalization  classification
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DOI 10.1111/jtsb.12029
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Forms of Talk.Erving Goffman - 1984 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 17 (3):181-182.
Positioning: The Discursive Production of Selves.Bronwyn Davies & Rom Harré - 1990 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (1):43–63.
Beyond “Identity”.Rogers Brubaker & Frederick Cooper - 2000 - Theory and Society 29 (1):1-47.

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