Abstract
The present article deals with a comparative analysis between two paradigms advanced by the contemporary philosophy of education – one represented by the version of John Dewey’s and the other one inspired by work of the prominent Georgian philosopher and psychologist Dimitri Uznadze, based on a so called “set development” theory. The article discusses the reasons why an innovative idea, declared by Dewey, that school must provide equal opportunities to every student, projected and suggested by his followers, has not overstepped boundaries of traditional paradigm of education. On the other hand, Uznadze’s version, suggesting a new epistemological paradigm of education, seems closer to solving the problem of reconstruction of traditional philosophy of education. Nevertheless, the problem is again still relevant and needs to be developed in future.
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References found in this work BETA

Democracy and Education.John Dewey - 1916 - Dover Publications.
Reconstruction in Philosophy.John Dewey - 1920 - Dover Publications.
The Public and Its Problems.T. V. Smith - 1929 - Philosophical Review 38 (2):177.
Reconstruction in Philosophy.George P. Adams - 1921 - Philosophical Review 30 (5):519.

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