Synthese 190 (11):1955-1973 (2013)

Authors
Nancy Tuana
Pennsylvania State University
Abstract
The National Science Foundation (NSF) in the United States, like many other funding agencies all over the globe, has made large investments in interdisciplinary research in the sciences and engineering, arguing that interdisciplinary research is an essential resource for addressing emerging problems, resulting in important social benefits. Using NSF as a case study for problem that might be relevant in other contexts as well, I argue that the NSF itself poses a significant barrier to such research in not sufficiently appreciating the value of the humanities as significant interdisciplinary partners. This essay focuses on the practices of philosophy as a highly valuable but currently under-appreciated partner in achieving the goals of interdisciplinary research. This essay advances a proposal for developing deeper and wider interdisciplinary research in the sciences through coupled ethical-epistemological research. I argue that this more robust model of interdisciplinary practice will lead to better science by providing resources for understanding the types of value decisions that are entrenched in research models and methods, offering resources for identifying the ethical implications of research decisions, and providing a lens for identifying the questions that are ignored, under-examined, and rendered invisible through scientific habit or lack of interest. In this way, we will have better science both in the traditional sense of advancing knowledge by building on and adding to our current knowledge as well as in the broader sense of science for the good of, namely, scientific research that better benefits society
Keywords Philosophy  Interdisciplinarity  Coupled ethical-epistemic analyses  Climate science  NSF  Broader-impacts criterion
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-012-0171-2
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,229
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

View all 7 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

A New Direction for Science and Values.Daniel J. Hicks - 2014 - Synthese 191 (14):3271-95.
Grand Challenges and Small Steps. Introduction to the Special Issue 'Interdisciplinary Integration: The Real Grand Challenge for the Life Sciences?'.Giovanni De Grandis & Sophia Efstathiou - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 56:39-47.

View all 19 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

What is the Thematic Structure of Science?Ladislav Tondl - 1998 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 29 (2):245-264.
Proofs and Arguments: The Special Case of Mathematics.Jean Paul Van Bendegem - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):157-169.
Engaging Science Through Cultural Studies.Joseph Rouse - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:396 - 401.
The Role of Humanities Policy in Public Science.Robert Frodeman - 2005 - Environmental Philosophy 2 (1):5-13.
Psychiatry and Postmodern Theory.Bradley Lewis - 2000 - Journal of Medical Humanities 21 (2):71-84.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-09-18

Total views
62 ( #174,220 of 2,455,615 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #449,205 of 2,455,615 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes