Cynicism as a fundamental dimension of moral decision-making: A scale development [Book Review]

Journal of Business Ethics 34 (2):123 - 136 (2001)
Altruism and cynicism are two fundamental algorithms of moral decision-making. This derives from the evolution of cooperative behavior and reciprocal altruism and the need to avoid being taken advantage of. Rushton (1986) developed a self-report scale to measure altruism, however no scale to measure cynicism has been developed for use in ethics research. Following a discussion of reciprocal altruism and cynicism, this article presents an 11-item self-report scale to measure cynicism, developed and validated using a sample of 271 customer-service and sales personnel.
Keywords altruism  cynicism  ethics  morality
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1012268705059
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 35,865
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles


Added to PP index

Total downloads
29 ( #220,715 of 2,293,816 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #252,839 of 2,293,816 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature