Extended phenotypes and extended organisms

Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):327-352 (2004)
Abstract
Phenotype, whether conventional or extended, is defined as a reflectionof an underlying genotype. Adaptation and the natural selection thatfollows from it depends upon a progressively harmonious fit betweenphenotype and environment. There is in Richard Dawkins' notion ofthe extended phenotype a paradox that seems to undercut conventionalviews of adaptation, natural selection and adaptation. In a nutshell, ifthe phenotype includes an organism's environment, how then can theorganism adapt to itself? The paradox is resolvable through aphysiological, as opposed to a genetic, theory of natural selection andadaptation.
Keywords Philosophy   Philosophy of Biology   Evolutionary Biology
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DOI 10.1023/B:BIPH.0000036115.65522.a1
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