American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):W1 - W2 (2011)

Abstract
Randomized trials depend on clinicians feeling that they are morally justified in allowing their patients to be randomized across treatment arms. Typically such justification rides on what has been called “clinical equipoise”—when there is disagreement of opinion among the community of experts about whether one treatment is better than another, then physicians can ethically enter their patients into a clinical trial, even if individual physicians are not at equipoise. Recent debates over prominent studies, however, illustrate that controversy can be easily created rather than dispelled by trials, with many clinicians choosing not to use the proven therapy until they receive more convincing evidence of its superiority. In such situations, we propose that a new standard of equipoise be used to guide decisions about the ethical justifications for research trials—a standard of behavioral equipoise. Under behavioral equipoise, a trial is potentially justifiable if it addresses behavioral resistance to prior scientific evidence.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1080/15265161.2011.556536
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,388
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Programs in the Explanation of Behavior.Robert Cummins - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (June):269-87.
Mind-Life Behavior in Artifacts.Donald M. Mackay - 1951 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 2 (August):105-21.
Explaining Behavior.Norman Malcolm - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (January):97-104.
Redescription and Descriptivism in the Social Sciences.Lee C. McIntyre - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):453 - 464.
Pragmatism and the Science of Behavior.Hobert W. Burns - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (1):58-74.
Neuroethology and the Philosophy of Cognitive Science.Brian L. Keeley - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (S1):404-418.
Dennett's Conceptual Reform.Don Ross - 1994 - Behavior and Philosophy 22 (1):41-52.
Self-Experimentation as Science.Harold L. Miller Jr - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):270-271.
Causal Explanations of Behavior.Merrilee H. Salmon - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (4):720-738.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2011-02-19

Total views
10 ( #869,755 of 2,445,559 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #457,182 of 2,445,559 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes