Journal of Indian Philosophy 45 (1):1-19 (2017)

The aim of this study is to clarify the meaning of the term saṁketa, which is usually translated as ‘ convention’, in the Yogasūtrabhāṣya, the first and the most authoritative commentary to the Yogasūtras. This paper is a contribution to the reconstruction of the classical Yoga view on the relation between word and its meaning, for saṁketa is a key term used by this darśana in discussing this relation. The textual analysis of the Yogasūtrabhāṣya has led me to the conclusion that its author’s understanding of the linguistic convention is different from the notion of the linguistic convention of the Vaiśeṣikas and Naiyāyikas and similar to the notion of the linguistic convention of the Grammarians. These are interpretations of the term saṁketa which reflect Yogasūtrabhāṣya’s understanding of the linguistic convention: the tradition of the usage of words, established usage of words. Saṁketa of the Yogasūtrabhāṣya, unlike saṁketa/samaya of the Vaiśeṣikas and Naiyāyikas, is not an agreement established by anyone, but an agreement in the sense of tradition, established practice, or established custom. Unlike the saṁketa/samaya of these philosophers, the saṁketa of the Yogasūtrabhāṣya, having neither beginning nor end, is not re-created, but only made known at the beginning of each cycle of existence of the world.
Keywords ClassicalYoga  Yogasūtra  Yogasūtrabhāṣya  Linguistic convention  Word  Meaning
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10781-016-9296-9
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 53,742
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

View all 20 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Agreements, Conventions, and Language.Margaret Gilbert - 1983 - Synthese 54 (3):375 - 407.
Grounds, Convention, and the Metaphysics of Linguistic Tokens.Brian Epstein - 2009 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):45-67.
Meaning and Linguistic Sound: Why Are Sounds Imposed on Our Minds?Abolfazl Sabramiz - 2013 - Dialogue: Journal of Phi Sigma Tau 56 (1):14-23.
Convention.Michael Rescorla - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
David Lewis on Convention.Dale Jamieson - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):73 - 81.
Carnap and Quine on Truth by Convention.G. Ebbs - 2011 - Mind 120 (478):193-237.
What is a Convention?Dana Riesenfeld - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):442-455.
On Knowledge and Convention.Tyler Burge - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (2):249-255.
Conventions and Speech Acts.Seumas Roderick Macdonald Miller - 1985 - Dissertation, University of Melbourne (Australia)
Ts Rukmani.Yogasutrabhasya Vivaranam - 1992 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 20:419-423.
The Natural Origins of Convention.Ian Ravenscroft - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (3):731-739.
Depiction and Convention.Ben Blumson - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (3):335-348.


Added to PP index

Total views
29 ( #343,388 of 2,349,854 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #511,368 of 2,349,854 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes