Studies in East European Thought 65 (1-2):53-63 (2013)

Abstract
Prior to his ‘naturalistic turn’, Bocheński was a Thomist and defended the Thomist doctrine as a logically consistent and attractive philosophical system. Some opponents of Thomism interpreted this doctrine, Aquinas’s conception of divine providence included, as a kind of theological fatalism (or theological determinism) incompatible with human freedom. Bocheński dismissed such interpretations as based on “a superficial misunderstanding.” I will try to demonstrate that his criticism of deterministic interpretations of Thomism was not quite justified. The article will present, first, Bocheński’s account of the Thomist doctrine of divine providence, next, the arguments for theological fatalism leading to the conclusion that there is no freedom if Aquinas’s conception of divine nature is assumed. Finally, I will try to show how the dispute between Thomism and its opponents is rooted in some fundamental differences concerning the very concept of human freedom
Keywords Bocheński  Boethius  Thomas Aquinas  Zagzebski  Compatibilism  Determinism  Divine providence  Freedom of human will  Theological fatalism
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DOI 10.1007/s11212-013-9179-5
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References found in this work BETA

Aquinas.Eleonore Stump - 2003 - Routledge.
God, Time and Knowledge.William Hasker - 1989 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Does God Have a Nature.Alvin Plantinga - 1980 - Marquette University Press.
Anselm on Freedom.Katherin Rogers - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
Anselm on Freedom.Janine Marie Idziak - 2009 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 65 (3):171-175.

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