How to Express Implicit Attitudes

Philosophical Quarterly:1-26 (forthcoming)
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I argue that what speakers mean or express can be determined by their implicit or unconscious states, rather than explicit or conscious states. Further, on this basis, I show that the sincerity conditions for utterances can also be fixed by implicit states. This is a surprising result which goes against common assumptions about speech acts and sincerity. Roughly, I argue that the result is implied by two plausible and independent theories of the metaphysics of speaker meaning and, further, that this is a robust basis on which to make an inference, with a fair degree of confidence, about the relationship between expression and implicit attitudes.

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Elmar Unnsteinsson
University College Dublin

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References found in this work

Alief and Belief.Tamar Szabó Gendler - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (10):634-663.
Relevance.D. Sperber & Deirdre Wilson - 1986 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 2.
Speech Acts.J. Searle - 1969 - Foundations of Language 11 (3):433-446.
Self-Deception Unmasked.Alfred R. Mele - 2001 - Princeton University Press.

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