Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (4):283-299 (2003)
This essay explores the role of informal logicand its application in the context of currentdebates regarding evidence-based medicine. This aim is achieved through a discussion ofthe goals and objectives of evidence-basedmedicine and a review of the criticisms raisedagainst evidence-based medicine. Thecontributions to informal logic by StephenToulmin and Douglas Walton are explicated andtheir relevance for evidence-based medicine isdiscussed in relation to a common clinicalscenario: hypertension management. This essayconcludes with a discussion on the relationshipbetween clinical reasoning, rationality, andevidence. It is argued that informal logic hasthe virtue of bringing explicitness to the roleof evidence in clinical reasoning, and bringssensitivity to understanding the role ofdialogical context in the need for evidence inclinical decision making.
|Keywords||argumentation evidence-based medicine informal logic medical epistemology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Therapeutic Inferences for Individual Patients.Luis J. Flores - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):440-447.
The Hard Art of Soft Science: Evidence‐Based Medicine, Reasoned Medicine or Both?Milos Jenicek - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (4):410-419.
Mere Anecdote: Evidence and Stories in Medicine.Robin Nunn - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):920-926.
Advancing a Casuistic Model of Clinical Decision Making: A Response to Commentators.Mark R. Tonelli - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):504-507.
The Complex, the Exhausted and the Personal: Reflections on the Relationship Between Evidence‐Based Medicine and Casuistry. Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating Evidence Into Clinical Practice: An Alternative to Evidence‐Based Approaches.Ross E. G. Upshur - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):281-288.
Similar books and articles
On Evidence and Evidence-Based Medicine: Lessons From the Philosophy of Science.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2006 - Social Science and Medicine 62 (11):2621-2632.
Evidence: Philosophy of Science Meets Medicine.John Worrall - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):356-362.
The Spatialisation of Disease: Foucualt and Evidence-Based Medicine (Ebm). [REVIEW]Brian Hazelton Walsh - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):31-42.
Questions of Evidence in Evidence-Based Policy.Eleonora Montuschi - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (4):425-439.
Towards a Formal Account of Reasoning About Evidence: Argumentation Schemes and Generalisations. [REVIEW]Floris Bex, Henry Prakken, Chris Reed & Douglas Walton - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 11 (2-3):125-165.
The Ethics of Alpha: Reflections on Statistics, Evidence and Values in Medicine.R. E. G. Upshur - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):565-576.
Toward Evidence-Based Evidence: Supporting Forensic Knowledge Claims in the Post-Daubert Era.Simon A. Cole - unknown
The Virtues of Evidence.Erica Zarkovich & R. E. G. Upshur - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):403-412.
Clinical Intuition Versus Statistics: Different Modes of Tacit Knowledge in Clinical Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Medicine.Hillel D. Braude - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (3):181-198.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads75 ( #70,267 of 2,171,981 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #326,556 of 2,171,981 )
How can I increase my downloads?