Member States Liability in Damages for the Breach of European Union Law – Legal Basis and Conditions for Liability

This article analyses the legal basics of the Member States liability in damages for the breach of European Union law and the conditions for liability. It is emphasized that the Member States liability in damages for the breach of European Union law has three different grounds—one direct legal background (Article 4 of the Treaty of the European Union) and two indirect basics—principles of direct effect and that of effectiveness of European Union law. The author subsequently examines the content of each condition for liability established in the practice of the Court of Justice of the European Union —the intention of the rule of European Union law infringed to confer rights on private parties, the sufficiently seriousness of the breach and the direct causal link between the breach and the damage. It is stated that in order to prove that a Member State is liable for the breach of European Union law, one more condition for liability should be established—a private party must prove that he has incurred particular damage. It is also highlighted that the second condition for the Member States liability in damages for the breach of European Union law —sufficiently seriousness of the breach—restricts the right of a private party to obtain compensation
Keywords Europos Sąjungos teisės pažeidimas  damage  recovery of damage  žala  infringement of EU law  atsakomybės sąlygos  žalos atlyginimas  teisių asmeniui suteikimas  tiesioginis priežastinis ryšys  conditions for liability  valstybės atsakomybė už žalą  direct causal link  sufficiently serious breach  state liability in damages  conferment of rights to private parties  pakankamai akivaizdus pažeidimas
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