Induction, Normality and Reasoning with Arbitrary Objects

Ratio 29 (4) (2016)
Authors
Markos Valaris
University of New South Wales
Abstract
This paper concerns the apparent fact — discussed by Sinan Dogramaci and Brian Weatherson — that inductive reasoning often interacts in disastrous ways with patterns of reasoning that seem perfectly fine in the deductive case. In contrast to Dogramaci's and Weatherson's own suggestions, I argue that these cases show that we cannot reason inductively about arbitrary objects. Moreover, as I argue, this prohibition is neatly explained by a certain hypothesis about the rational basis of inductive reasoning — namely, the hypothesis that inductive reasoning is fundamentally reasoning about what normally happens.
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DOI 10.1111/rati.12129
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References found in this work BETA

Knowledge and Lotteries.John Hawthorne - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
What Else Justification Could Be.Martin Smith - 2010 - Noûs 44 (1):10 - 31.
Arbitrary Reference.Wylie Breckenridge & Ofra Magidor - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 158 (3):377-400.
Knowledge of Validity.Sinan Dogramaci - 2010 - Noûs 44 (3):403-432.

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How to Justify Induction.Dale Jacquette - 2011 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):1-18.
Knowledge of Validity.Sinan Dogramaci - 2010 - Noûs 44 (3):403-432.
Arbitrary Reference.Wylie Breckenridge & Ofra Magidor - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 158 (3):377-400.
Hume, Norton, and Induction Without Rules.Thomas Kelly - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):754-764.

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