Supposition Theory and Porretan Theology: Summa Zwettlensis and Dialogus Ratii et Everardi

Vivarium 51 (1-4):119-144 (2013)
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Abstract

The article investigates how the problem of reference is treated in the theology of two pupils of Gilbert of Poitiers by means of suppo* terms. Supposition is for Gilbert an action performed by a speaker, not a property of terms, and he considers language as a system for communication between human beings: key notions are the ‘sense in the author’s mind’ and the ‘interpreter’s understanding’. In contrast, the two Porretans tend to objectify language as a formal system of terms. Suppositio becomes in the Summa Zwettlensis the name itself as subject term in a proposition, and is divided into many kinds; formal rules are described which govern the influence of the predicate on the subject term’s denotation. In Everard of Ypres’ Dialogus Ratii et Everardi, supponere is a function of the name, and ‘human is a species of individuals’ is, as in some logical treatises and differently from Gilbert, a case of rhetorical transfer.

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Luisa Valente
Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza

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Humanitas.[author unknown] - 1963 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 18 (1):96-97.
Logique et théologie.M. Bombik - 1988 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 24 (2):75-89.
On the Doctrine of Logic and Language of Gilbert Porreta and His Followers.Lauge Nielsen - 1976 - Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec Et Latin 17:40-69.

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