Saxion University ()

Jan M. van der Molen
University of Groningen
This paper’s aim is to establish an explanation for the separation of Northern minds, by examining the influence of a variety of factors on the shaping of people’s sense of identity at the time. Near the end of the 16th century the Groningers had proven to be a people with a mind of their own—impetuous, unruly and, in the end, unwilling to join the Republic in its efforts to liberate itself from its oppressive Spanish overlord. One by one the Dutch cities had joined the revolution, but the city of Groningen refused. The ‘Ommelanden’—the city’s surrounding territory—however, did not—laying bare a critical disagreement between two ‘classes’: the Saxon city elite and the predominantly Frisian countryside nobles (Dutch plural: landjonkers/jonkheren).
Keywords 17th Century Dutch Republic  Eighty Years' War (1568-1648)  Class Struggle  1594  Groningen  History of Friesland  Treaty of Reduction  Troublen  Dutch War of Independence  History of the Dutch Republic  Dutch Northern Provincial Schism
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