Le paysage intellectuel du développement durable en Amérique latine. Une analyse de réseau à partir des citations d’auteurs latino-américains

Natures Sciences Sociétés 27 (3):278-296 (2019)

Abstract
Les discours scientifiques sont influencés par des visions du monde et des valeurs partagées par des communautés scientifiques. En matière de développement durable, comme pour d’autres sujets, la production, diffusion et réception de savoirs structurent l’univers discursif d’espaces académiques. Cet article propose une cartographie du champ des interactions académiques d’un échantillon de 93 intellectuels influents en matière de développement durable en Amérique latine à partir d’un examen de plus de dix mille citations sur une période de quarante ans. Cette analyse quantitative est complétée par une analyse qualitative portant sur le contenu de la pensée des auteurs les plus importants. Il en ressort une structuration progressive du champ discursif sur le sous-continent. Sur le fond, nous observons que beaucoup de discours académiques, construits en synergie avec certains mouvements sociaux qui luttent pour la justice et la soutenabilité socioenvironnementale, s’avèrent critiques. Scientific discourses are influenced by worldviews and values shared by scientific communities. In terms of sustainable development, as for other subjects, the production, dissemination and reception of knowledge structure the discursive universe of academic activities. This paper provides a mapping of the field of academic interactions based on a sample of 93 influential intellectuals active in sustainable development thinking in Latin America, from a review of more than ten thousand citations over a period of forty years. The software Gephi was used to draw figures that highlight these networks along three separate periods of time. A first period runs from 1970 and the start of modern environmental concerns until 1987 and the publication of the very influential Brundtland Report. A second period covers the period of a flourishing institutional concept of sustainable development until the Johannesburg Conference. And the third one runs until the Rio+20 Summit in 2012. This quantitative analysis is complemented by a qualitative analysis of the works and relations of the most influential authors. The results show a gradual structuring of the discursive field on the subcontinent. We are able to trace the main relations between authors in Latin America and outside, mostly to the US and Europe. Our results also show that many academics in the sub region elaborated critical discourses that developed in synergy with various social movements that strive for justice and socio-environmental sustainability.
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DOI 10.1051/nss/2019045
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Sustainability, Culture and Ethics: Models From Latin America.Thomas Heyd - 2005 - Ethics, Place and Environment 8 (2):223 – 234.

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