The assertion-candidate and the meaning of mood

Synthese 159 (1):61-82 (2007)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The meaning of a declarative sentence and that of an interrogative sentence differ in their aspect of mood. A semantics of mood has to account for the differences in meaning between these sentences, and it also has to explain that sentences in different moods may have a common core. The meaning of the declarative mood is to be explained not in terms of actual force (contra Dummett), but in terms of potential force. The meaning of the declarative sentence (including its mood) is called the assertion-candidate, which is explained by what one must know in order to be entitled to utter the declarative with assertive force. Both a cognitive notion (knowledge) and a pragmatic notion (assertive force) are thus part of the explanation of the assertion-candidate. Davidson’s criticism that such a theory is in need of an account of the distinction between standard and non-standard uses of the declarative is answered: without counter-indications an utterance of a declarative sentence is understood as having assertive force. The meaning of an interrogative sentence, the question-candidate, and that of the other sentence types can ultimately be explained in terms of their specific relations to the assertion-candidate. Martin-Löf’s constructive type theory is used to show the philosophical relevance of a semantics of mood. The constructivist notion of proposition needs to be embedded in a theory of the assertion-candidate, which fulfils the offices of being the meaning of the declarative sentence, the content of judgement and assertion and the bearer of epistemic truth.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,642

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Mood and the Analysis of Non-Declarative Sentences.Deirdre Wilson & Dan Sperber - 1988 - In J. Dancy, J. M. E. Moravcsik & C. C. W. Taylor (eds.), Human Agency: Language, Duty, and Value : Philosophical Essays in Honor of J.O. Urmson. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press. pp. 77--101.
Mood, Force and Truth. [REVIEW]William B. Starr - 2014 - ProtoSociology 31:160-181.
Mood, Force, and Convention.Michael Dummett - 1993 - In The seas of language. New York: Oxford University Press.
Representing knowledge.Peter van Elswyk - 2021 - The Philosophical Review 130 (1):97-143.
Game theoretical semantics and entailment.D. E. Over - 1981 - Studia Logica 40 (1):67 - 74.
Sentence Types.Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald - 2016 - In Jan Nuyts & Johan van der Auwera (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood. Oxford University Press UK.


Added to PP

10 (#395,257)

6 months
147 (#126,922)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Maria Van Der Schaar
Leiden University

References found in this work

Knowledge and its limits.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - New York: Oxford University Press.
How to do things with words.John Langshaw Austin - 1962 - Oxford [Eng.]: Clarendon Press. Edited by Marina Sbisá & J. O. Urmson.
Knowledge and Its Limits.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - Philosophy 76 (297):460-464.
Knowledge and Its Limits.Timothy Williamson - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):452-458.
Studies in the Way of Words.Paul Grice - 1989 - Philosophy 65 (251):111-113.

View all 46 references / Add more references