The End of Life as We Know It: Thomas Aquinas on Persons, Bodies and Death

Modern Schoolman 89 (3/4):243-257 (2012)

Authors
Christina Van Dyke
Calvin College
Abstract
Is the being in an irreversible persistent vegetative state as the result of a horrible accident numerically identical to the human person, Lindsay, who existed before the accident? Many proponents of Thomistic metaphysics have argued that Aquinas’s answer to this question must be “yes.” In particular, it seems that Aquinas’s commitment to both Aristotelian hylomorphism and the unity of substantial form entails the position that the human person remains alive as long as biological life persists. I argue, however, that although Aquinas does possess a deeply integrated account of human nature and is indeed committed to the claim that the person, Lindsay, exists as long as Lindsay’s body lives, there is good reason to suppose that he also holds that the body in the PVS is not Lindsay’s body in anything more than an equivocal sense.
Keywords Catholic Tradition  History of Philosophy  Philosophy and Religion
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ISBN(s) 2164-0726
DOI schoolman2012893/416
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