Wim Vanrie
University of Ghent
I investigate why Frege rejected the theory of types, as Russell presented it to him in their correspondence. Frege claims that it commits one to violations of the law of excluded middle, but this complaint seems to rest on a dogmatic refusal to take Russell’s proposal seriously on its own terms. What is at stake is not so much the truth of a law of logic, but the structure of the hierarchy of the logical categories, something Frege seems to neglect. To come to a better understanding of Frege’s response, I proceed to investigate his conception of the nature of the logical categories, and how it differs from Russell’s. I argue that, for Frege, our grasp of the logical categories cannot be severed from our grasp of the Begriffsschrift notation itself. Russell, on the other hand, attaches no such importance to notation. From Frege’s point of view, Russell has not succeeded in presenting an alternative conception of the logical hierarchy, since such a conception must go in tandem with the development of a notation. Moreover, Frege has good reasons to think that Russell’s proposal does not admit of a suitable notation.
Keywords Gottlob Frege  Bertrand Russell  Theory of types  Logical categories
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Reprint years 2020, 2021
DOI 10.1080/09608788.2020.1807908
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Frege: Philosophy of Language.Michael Dummett - 1973 - Philosophy 49 (190):438-442.
The Realistic Spirit: Wittgenstein, Philosophy, and the Mind.Cora DIAMOND - 1991 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 100 (4):577-577.
Russell’s Hidden Substitutional Theory.Gregory Landini - 1998 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Frege: Making Sense.Michael Beaney - 1996 - London: Duckworth.

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