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Abstract
The target article “Thinking Through Other Minds” offered an account of the distinctively human capacity to acquire cultural knowledge, norms, and practices. To this end, we leveraged recent ideas from theoretical neurobiology to understand the human mind in social and cultural contexts. Our aim was bothsynthetic– building an integrative model adequate to account for key features of cultural learning and adaptation; andprescriptive– showing how the tools developed to explain brain dynamics can be applied to the emergence of social and cultural ecologies of mind. In this reply to commentators, we address key issues, including: refining the concept of culture to show how TTOM and the free-energy principle can capture essential elements of human adaptation and functioning; addressing cognition as an embodied, enactive, affective process involving cultural affordances; clarifying the significance of the FEP formalism related to entropy minimization, Bayesian inference, Markov blankets, and enactivist views; developing empirical tests and applications of the TTOM model; incorporating cultural diversity and context at the level of intra-cultural variation, individual differences, and the transition to digital niches; and considering some implications for psychiatry. The commentators’ critiques and suggestions point to useful refinements and applications of the model. In ongoing collaborations, we are exploring how to augment the theory with affective valence, take into account individual differences and historicity, and apply the model to specific domains including epistemic bias.
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DOI 10.1017/s0140525x20000011
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References found in this work BETA

The Self‐Evidencing Brain.Jakob Hohwy - 2016 - Noûs 50 (2):259-285.
Natural Pedagogy.Gergely Csibra & György Gergely - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):148-153.
Cultural Learning.Michael Tomasello, Ann Cale Kruger & Hilary Horn Ratner - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):495-511.
How to Knit Your Own Markov Blanket.Andy Clark - 2017 - Philosophy and Predictive Processing.

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