Authors
Max Velmans
Goldsmiths College, University of London
Abstract
According to Nagel, bat consciousness is "what it is like to be a bat.'' According to Baars , we will never know what it is like to be bat, so this approach to consciousness does not allow the science of consciousness to progress. Rather, the nature of consciousness as such should be determined empirically, by contrasting processes which are conscious with processes that are not conscious. The present commentary argues that contrastive analysis is appropriate for finding the processes most closely associated with consciousness; but it will not illuminate the nature of consciousness as such. Unlike bat consciousness, human consciousness is accessible to humans introspectively . Consequently, a complete science of consciousness needs to relate introspective, first-person accounts of consciousness to third-person processing models of the brain
Keywords science of consciousness  contrastive analysis  Bernard Baars  First-person science  Introspective methods  complementary first- and third-person perspectives
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References found in this work BETA

Is Human Information Processing Conscious?Max Velmans - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):651-69.
Consciousness From a First-Person Perspective.Max Velmans - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):702-726.
Consciousness, Causality and Complementarity.Max Velmans - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):404-416.
A Thoroughly Empirical Approach to Consciousness.Bernard J. Baars - 1994 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 1.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Dead Hand: Commentary on Baars on Contrastive Analysis.Bruce Mangan - 1994 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 1.
A Welcome Dialogue On Empirical Issues:Reply To Commentaries On Baars On Contrastive Analysis.Bernard Baars - 1994 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 1.

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