Consciousness and the "causal paradox"

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):538-542 (1996)

Abstract

Viewed from a first-person perspective consciousness appears to be necessary for complex, novel human activity - but viewed from a third-person perspective consciousness appears to play no role in the activity of brains, producing a "causal paradox". To resolve this paradox one needs to distinguish consciousness of processing from consciousness accompanying processing or causing processing. Accounts of consciousness/brain causal interactions switch between first- and third-person perspectives. However, epistemically, the differences between first- and third-person access are fundamental. First- and third-person accounts are complementary and mutually irreducible.

Download options

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,855

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
54 (#214,161)

6 months
1 (#386,031)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

How Could Conscious Experiences Affect Brains?Max Velmans - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (11):3-29.
Reflexive Monism.Max Velmans - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (2):5-50.
The Co-Evolution of Matter and Consciousness.Max Velmans - 2007 - Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):273-282.
Intentionality, Conceptual Content, and Emotions.Léo Peruzzo Júnior - 2019 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 31 (54).
Whitehead's Unique Approach to the Topic of Consciousness.Anderson Weekes - 2010 - In Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (eds.), Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 137-172.

View all 10 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Limits of Neuropsychological Models of Consciousness.Max Velmans - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):702-703.
The Personhood of the Human Embryo.John F. Crosby - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (4):399-417.
Understanding Consciousness, Edition 2.Max Velmans - 2009 - Routledge/Psychology Press.
Consciousness and Intentionality.John Barresi - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1-2):77-93.
When Perception Becomes Conscious.Max Velmans - 1999 - British Journal of Psychology 90 (4):543-566.
Goodbye to Reductionism: Complementary First and Third-Person Approaches to Consciousness.Max Velmans - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. Cambridge: Mass.: MIT Press. pp. 45-52.