The diversity phenomenon

Foundations of Science 5 (2):239-253 (2000)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The remarkable transition from helpless infant to sophisticatedfive-year-old has long captured the attention of scholars interested inthe discovery of knowledge. To explain these achievements, developmentalpsychologists often compare children's discovery procedures to those ofprofessional scientists. For the child to be qualified as a ``littlescientist'', however, intellectual development must be shown to derivefrom rational hypothesis selection in the face of evidence. In thepresent paper we focus on one dimension of rational theory-choice,namely, the relation between hypothesis confirmation and evidencediversity. Psychological research suggests cultural variability inappreciating evidence diversity and lack of such appreciation by youngchildren. Before reaching conclusions about the ``little scientist''thesis, however, it is essential to normatively analyze the diversityissue. We undertake such an analysis within a Bayesianperspective.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,419

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Diversity in American Biology, 1900-1940.Jane Maienschein - 1999 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (1):35 - 52.
Norms of epistemic diversity.Miriam Solomon - 2006 - Episteme 3 (1-2):23-36.
What is the probability of the bayesian model, given the data?Evan Heit - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):672-673.
Diversity concept in ecology.Jerzy Kolasa & Eugeniusz Biesiadka - 1984 - Acta Biotheoretica 33 (3):145-162.
Diversity.Erwin Tegtmeier - 1995 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 3:175-183.
Political theory and cultural diversity.Peter Jones - 1998 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 1 (1):28-62.


Added to PP

16 (#670,075)

6 months
1 (#452,962)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?