Metaphilosophical Criteria for Worldview Comparison

Metaphilosophy 43 (3):306-347 (2012)
Abstract
Philosophy lacks criteria to evaluate its philosophical theories. To fill this gap, this essay introduces nine criteria to compare worldviews, classified in three broad categories: objective criteria (objective consistency, scientificity, scope), subjective criteria (subjective consistency, personal utility, emotionality), and intersubjective criteria (intersubjective consistency, collective utility, narrativity). The essay first defines what a worldview is and exposes the heuristic used in the quest for criteria. After describing each criterion individually, it shows what happens when each of them is violated. From the criteria, it derives assessment tests to compare and improve different worldviews. These include the is-ought, ought-act, and is-act first-order tests; the critical and dialectical second-order tests; the mixed-questions and first-second-order third-order tests; and the we-I, we-it, and it-I tests. The essay then applies these criteria and tests to a concrete example, comparing the Flying Spaghetti Monster deity with Intelligent Design. For another application, it draws more general fruitful suggestions for the dialogue between science and religion
Keywords philosophical method  philosophical criteria  Flying Spaghetti Monster  definition of philosophy  dialogue between science and religion  Intelligent Design  mission of philosophy  evaluation standards in philosophy  cognitive axiology  worldview comparison  worldview assessment  cognitive values  comprehensive worldview  task of philosophy  coherent worldview  scope of philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9973.2012.01749.x
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 30,370
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Against Method.Paul Feyerabend - 1975 - London: New Left Books.
A Treatise of Human Nature.David Hume - 1739/2000 - Oxford University Press.

View all 48 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
A Systems Model of Spirituality.David Rousseau - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):476-508.
Did God Do It? Metaphysical Models and Theological Hermeneutics.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (2):215-231.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Connectionism, ACT-R, and the Principle of Self-Organization.Pavel N. Prudkov - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):616-617.
Criteria of Identity: Strong and Wrong.Hannes Leitgeb - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (1):61-68.
Wittgenstein and Criteria.Elizabeth H. Wolgast - 1964 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 7 (1-4):348 – 366.
Criteria.Mark Addis - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:139-174.
A Semantic Account of Rigidity.Alan Sidelle - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 80 (1):69 - 105.
McAllister's Aesthetics in Science: A Critical Notice.David Davies - 1998 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (1):25 – 32.
The Criterion or Criteria of Change.Xiaoqiang Han - 2009 - Metaphysica 10 (2):149-156.
Added to PP index
2012-04-12

Total downloads
41 ( #130,056 of 2,193,784 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #291,271 of 2,193,784 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature