Metaphilosophical Criteria for Worldview Comparison

Metaphilosophy 43 (3):306-347 (2012)
Philosophy lacks criteria to evaluate its philosophical theories. To fill this gap, this essay introduces nine criteria to compare worldviews, classified in three broad categories: objective criteria (objective consistency, scientificity, scope), subjective criteria (subjective consistency, personal utility, emotionality), and intersubjective criteria (intersubjective consistency, collective utility, narrativity). The essay first defines what a worldview is and exposes the heuristic used in the quest for criteria. After describing each criterion individually, it shows what happens when each of them is violated. From the criteria, it derives assessment tests to compare and improve different worldviews. These include the is-ought, ought-act, and is-act first-order tests; the critical and dialectical second-order tests; the mixed-questions and first-second-order third-order tests; and the we-I, we-it, and it-I tests. The essay then applies these criteria and tests to a concrete example, comparing the Flying Spaghetti Monster deity with Intelligent Design. For another application, it draws more general fruitful suggestions for the dialogue between science and religion
Keywords philosophical method  philosophical criteria  Flying Spaghetti Monster  definition of philosophy  dialogue between science and religion  Intelligent Design  mission of philosophy  evaluation standards in philosophy  cognitive axiology  worldview comparison  worldview assessment  cognitive values  comprehensive worldview  task of philosophy  coherent worldview  scope of philosophy
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DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9973.2012.01749.x
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References found in this work BETA
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Against Method.Paul Feyerabend - 1975 - London: New Left Books.
A Treatise of Human Nature.David Hume - 1739/2000 - Oxford University Press.

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