Acta Biotheoretica 42 (2-3):167-179 (1994)

For living beings, information is as fundamental as matter or energy. In this paper we show: a) inadequacies of quantitative theories of information, b) how a qualitative analysis leads to a classification of information systems and to a modelling of intercellular communication.From a quantitative point of view, the application in biology of information theories borrowed from communication techniques proved to be disappointing. These theories ignore deliberately the significance of messages, and do not give any definition of information. They refer to quantities, based upon arbitrarily defined probabilistic events. Probability is subjective. The receiver of the message needs to have meta-knowledge of the events. The quantity of information depends on language, coding, and arbitrary definition of disorder. The suggested objectivity is fallacious.
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DOI 10.1007/BF00709488
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References found in this work BETA

An Outline of a Theory of Semantic Information.Rudolf Carnap & Yehoshua Bar-Hillel - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):230-232.
Physico-Chimie, Biologie, Information Et Connaissance.André Pichot - 1991 - Acta Biotheoretica 39 (3-4):375-386.
La cybernétique et l'origine de l'information.Raymond Ruyer - 1956 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 11 (3):524-525.

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