The Arab Charter on Human Rights: the Naissance of New Regional Human Rights System or a Challenge to the Universality of Human Rights?


Abstract
The issue of human rights has always been a matter shared by politicians, lawyers, philosophers and sociologists. Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights scholars and human rights activists have discussed whether the Declaration has become a symbol of human rights universality. Two decades later Muslim states have started discussions if human rights are indeed universal. They argued that human rights is a product of western imperialism and therefore the Arab states are not bound by the human rights catalogue proposed by the West. In 2008, the Arab Charter on Human Rights drafted within the framework of the League of Arab States came into force. This fact was welcomed by the international community, non-governmental organizations, and High Commissioner for Human Rights. The Arab Charter on Human Rights was seen as a possibility for the Arab States to confirm the commitment to the universality of human rights. However, the adopted text was disappointing and once again raised the doubt that Arab States are not truly committed to universal human rights. This article analyses the quest for the universality of human rights
Keywords universalizmas  kultūrinis reliatyvizmas  Arab Charter on Human Rights  cultural relativism  human rights  regioninės žmogaus teisių sistemos  Arabų žmogaus teisių chartija  regional human rights systems  universalism  žmogaus teisės
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