Why We Cannot Make History. Some Remarks on a Lesson from Early Historicism

There are various perspectives from which the meaning of historicism can be understood. Historically, the interpretation of historicism has predominantly been interested in either questions concerning historical methodology, or the relationship between the natural and human sciences, or the normative consequences of historicism. My intention is not to cast doubt upon the legitimacy of these different research approaches, but rather to supplement them by confronting the meaning of historicism from the perspective of a different question. Did historicism in the late 18th and the early 19th centuries formulate a notion of historical chance or of historical contingency, a notion of what is neither necessary nor impossible in history but rather the result of accident and chance? To answer this question, I begin with Reinhart Koselleck's interpretation of historicism presented in two rather short essays, "Der Zufall als Motivationsrest in der Geschichtsschreibung" and "Über die Verfügbarkeit von Geschichte". In the next step of my analysis, I confront Koselleck's interpretation of the historicist sensibility for contingency and chance with Odo Marquard's conceptual distinction between two notions of contingency and chance. This line of argumentation gives rise to a definition of historicism as a theoretical sensibility for the "fatefully accidental" (Marquard). I further support this claim with an analysis of Savigny's legal history, of Schleiermacher's theology and of the "anti-Faustian" (Werner Busch) art of Caspar David Friedrich. Historicism ultimately teaches us that history is never the exact outcome of the intentions of historical actors. Though human beings undeniably act in history, they cannot make history or at least cannot make it as they please. It is in this regard that I find, in my concluding remarks, Hermann Lübbe's description of historicism as a "sermon of human finitude" to be wholly accurate
Keywords Koselleck   historical disposability   Lübbe   historical contingency   historicism   historical chance
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1163/187226310X509484
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 25,711
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Beyond Historicism: From Leibniz to Luhmann.Jaap den Hollander - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):210-225.
The Quixotic Element in the Open Society.Peter Munz - 1997 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (1):39-55.
What is Historicism?Andrew Reynolds - 1999 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (3):275 – 287.
The Necessity of Historicism.Frank Ankersmit - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):226-240.
Religion and the Crisis of Historicism: Protestant and Catholic Perspectives.Herman Paul - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):172-194.
An Orthodox Historicism?Jack A. Bonsor - 1990 - Philosophy and Theology 4 (4):335-350.
A Collapse of Trust: Reconceptualizing the Crisis of Historicism.Herman J. Paul - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (1):63-82.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

18 ( #260,933 of 2,146,278 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #386,504 of 2,146,278 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums