In Carissa Véliz (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Digital Ethics (forthcoming)

Authors
Karina Vold
University of Toronto, St. George Campus
Abstract
Alan Turing, one of the fathers of computing, warned that Artificial Intelligence (AI) could one day pose an existential risk to humanity. Today, recent advancements in the field AI have been accompanied by a renewed set of existential warnings. But what exactly constitutes an existential risk? And how exactly does AI pose such a threat? In this chapter we aim to answer these questions. In particular, we will critically explore three commonly cited reasons for thinking that AI poses an existential threat to humanity: the control problem, the possibility of global disruption from an AI race dynamic, and the weaponization of AI.
Keywords Existential Risk  AI Weaponization  Control Problem  Instrumental Convergence Thesis  Intelligence Explosion  Orthogonality Thesis  Value Alignment Problem  AI Race Dynamics  Artificial General Intelligence  Superintelligence
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References found in this work BETA

Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies.Nick Bostrom (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
Minds, Brains, and Programs.John Searle - 1980 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
Killer Robots.Robert Sparrow - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):62–77.
Social choice ethics in artificial intelligence.Seth D. Baum - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):165-176.
Darwin Among the Machines.Samuel Butler - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Medien- Und Kulturforschung 9 (1):61-64.

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Risks of Artificial Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller (ed.) - 2016 - CRC Press - Chapman & Hall.

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