Abstract
The present text aims to examine the association of Machiavelli and republicanism, sustained by some contemporary critical literature in the subject. In order to achieve that, we will focus on the analysis of the roman republic developed by Machiavelli in the Discourses, with special attention to the odd quotation of the Hiero of Xenophon in D, II, 2, and to the treatment of the relation between republic and tyranny that derives from that. Subsequently, we will argue that Machiavelli modifies radically the notion of political regime and its relation with the classical notion of virtue conceived as a principle of order of political life. And, following from that, we conclude, even if it is possible to affirm that Machiavelli is a “republican”, it should be associated more with the founding gesture of Machiavelli himself, rather than to a tradition of thought and political action. This is why the understanding of Machiavelli’s “republicanism” should focus on the terms Machiavelli forges, rather that those of the tradition he apparently belongs to.
Keywords crueldad  fundación  régimen  tiranía  virtud
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DOI 10.5209/ashf.63033
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The Republican Ideal of Political Liberty.Quentin Skinner - 1990 - In Gisela Bock, Quentin Skinner & Maurizio Viroli (eds.), Machiavelli and Republicanism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 293--309.
Machiavelli.Quentin Skinner - 1992 - In Great Political Thinkers. Oxford University Press.

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