Poverty as a global problem in Social Doctrine of Catholic Church


Abstract
Based on the analysis of the Social Doctrine of the Catholic Church, this particular article expands its vision in the matter of global poverty as a consequence of unequal development. The article investigates the theoretical principles of social teaching of Catholicism – theocentrism, theohumanizm, solidarity, subsidiarity, commonwealth, and their practical realization within the church in overcoming of the contemporary global problem. The aim of the article is to analyze the documents of the Second Vatican Council, Papal Encyclicals and Catholic theologian’s researches upon the position of Catholic Church on sources, practical displays and means of overcoming of global poverty which is displayed as a result of uneven development. Conclusions. Analysis of Social Doctrine of Catholic Church on the research of global issues such as matter of consequence of unequal development shows that Catholic Church provides a systematic approach based on principles theocentrism, theohumanizm, solidarity, subsidiarity, commonwealth, and dependence of moral and ethical norms. The social teaching of Catholic Church can be developed in theoretical and practical analysises. The theoretical analysis of Social Doctrine of Catholic Church explores reasons and manifestations of global problems, which appear within sinful nature of human being. Taking into account the perspective of Catholicism, those are: the desire to constant enrichment and obtainment of the profits, lack of moral foundation in economic activities, unequal development of different regions and continents, and lack of good will and love to your neighbor. Recognizing the problem of poverty global scale, Catholic Social Doctrine contains practical recommendations on possible ways of solution of this particular question. Therefore, it also requires further detailed scientific analysis. As a result, Catholic Church calls to create new global civil society based on the principles of solidarity and subsidiarity. This proposition is referring to all the subjects of the international society. For this purpose, the church itself is actively involved in this process through the cooperation with international organizations, charitable activities, and humanitarian assistance to individuals, and even whole nations. Catholic Church seeks support of other Christian churches and rites and all people of good will in the matter of solution and overcoming worldwide challenges on the global level of international cooperation. Catholic Church emphasises all the said based upon the need for recognition and respect for human rights and human’s special status as a creation made after image and likeness of God.
Keywords Social Doctrine of Catholic Church   the global problem   the church   poverty   theocentrism   theohumanizm   commonwealth   solidarity   subsidiarity
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