How Should We Aggregate Competing Claims?

Ethics 125 (1):64-87 (2014)
Authors
Alex Voorhoeve
London School of Economics
Abstract
Many believe that we ought to save a large number from being permanently bedridden rather than save one from death. Many also believe that we ought to save one from death rather than a multitude from a very minor harm, no matter how large this multitude. I argue that a principle I call “Aggregate Relevant Claims” satisfactorily explains these judgments. I offer a rationale for this principle and defend it against objections.
Keywords Distributive ethics  The numbers problem  Rational choice theory  Aggregation  Sympathy
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Reprint years 2014
DOI 10.1086/677022
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