Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 7 (2):194-216 (2013)

Daniela Voss
Deakin University
Deleuze's theory of time set out in Difference and Repetition is a complex structure of three different syntheses of time – the passive synthesis of the living present, the passive synthesis of the pure past and the static synthesis of the future. This article focuses on Deleuze's third synthesis of time, which seems to be the most obscure part of his tripartite theory, as Deleuze mixes different theoretical concepts drawn from philosophy, Greek drama theory and mathematics. Of central importance is the notion of the cut, which is constitutive of the third synthesis of time defined as an a priori ordered temporal series separated unequally into a before and an after. This article argues that Deleuze develops his ordinal definition of time with recourse to Kant's definition of time as pure and empty form, Hölderlin's notion of ‘caesura’ drawn from his ‘Remarks on Oedipus’ (1803) and Dedekind's method of cuts as developed in his pioneering essay ‘Continuity and Irrational Numbers’ (1872). Deleuze then ties together the conceptions of the Kantian empty form of time and the Nietzschean eternal return, both of which are essentially related to a fractured I or dissolved self. This article aims to assemble the different heterogeneous elements that Deleuze picks up on and to show how the third synthesis of time emerges from this differential multiplicity
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.3366/dls.2013.0102
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,937
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Critique of Pure Reason.Immanuel Kant - 1998 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Critique of Pure Reason.Wolfgang Schwarz - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (3):449-451.

View all 19 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Massive Movie Waves and the Anthropic Ocean.Stefan Helmreich - 2018 - Social Science Information 57 (3):494-521.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

La grieta del sistema: Hölderlin entre Schelling y Deleuze.Amanda Núñez García - 2012 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 45:145-161.
Time Out of Joint: Hamlet and the Pure Form of Time.Henry Somers-Hall - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (Suppl):56-76.
Passions and Actions: Deleuze's Cinematographic Cogito.Richard Rushton - 2008 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 2 (2):121-139.
Levelling the Levels.Matt Lee - 2009 - In Edward Willatt & Matt Lee (eds.), Thinking Between Deleuze and Kant: A Strange Encounter. Continuum.
Flashforward: The Future is Now.Patricia Pisters - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (Suppl):98-115.
Wounds and Scars: Deleuze on the Time and Ethics of the Event.Jack Reynolds - 2007 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 1 (2):144-166.
The Memory of Another Past: Bergson, Deleuze and a New Theory of Time.Alia Al-Saji - 2004 - Continental Philosophy Review 37 (2):203-239.


Added to PP index

Total views
39 ( #265,635 of 58,894 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #541,589 of 58,894 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes