Schlick, Wittgenstein, and Waismann: Three Responses to Nietzsche

In Shunichi Tagaki & Pascal F. Zambito (eds.), Wittgenstein and Nietzsche. Routledge. pp. 47-76 (2023)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

It is commonly assumed that while Nietzsche’s intellectual influence significantly marked 20th century ‘continental’ philosophy, his sway over analytic philosophy was conspicuously minimal. To challenge this received view, this essay demonstrates that the reception of Nietzsche’s philosophy formed a space of dialogue among three founding figures of analytic philosophy: Schlick, Wittgenstein, and Waismann. A significant Nietzschean influence guided Schlick’s project of naturalising ethics. Schlick nonetheless maintained a critical attitude towards various aspects of Nietzsche’s philosophy, such as his assertion of the will to power. Despite their proximity, Wittgenstein’s understanding of several of Nietzsche’s views (under the influence of Spengler) deviated from Schlick’s more elaborate interpretation. Wittgenstein concurred with Schlick’s criticism of an absolute ‘ought’, despite his overall rejection of Schlick’s naturalisation of ethics. In Waismann’s articulation of his own view of the relation between ethics and science, we find an emphasis on an element that is common in Schlick and Wittgenstein, namely their rejection of the possibility of scientifically justifying moral claims. Waismann’s criticisms of Nietzsche’s ethics can thus be brought into dialogue with Schlick’s and Wittgenstein’s responses, especially in the case of the notion of eternal recurrence.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 94,439

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Schlick and Wittgenstein on games and ethics.Andreas Vrahimis - 2023 - Philosophical Investigations 47 (1):76-100.
Waismann’s Lectures on Causality: An Introduction.Mathieu Marion - 2011 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 15:31-51.
On Wittgenstein’s Influence on the Logical Positivists.Vadim V. Vasilyev - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (1):40-47.
Schlick's Critique of Positivism.Joia Lewis - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:110 - 117.
Dictées de Wittgenstein à Friedrich Waismann et pour Moritz Schlick.Ludwig Wittgenstein, Antonia Soulez & Gordon P. Baker - 1997 - Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. Edited by Antonia Soulez & Gordon P. Baker.

Analytics

Added to PP
2023-12-08

Downloads
38 (#415,628)

6 months
31 (#125,547)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Andreas Vrahimis
University of Cyprus

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references