Authors
H. Nguyen
Northwestern University
Quan-Hoang Vuong
Phenikaa University
Manh-Toan Ho
Phenikaa University
Abstract
The study of cultural evolution has taken on an increasingly interdisciplinary and diverse approach in explicating phenomena of cultural transmission and adoptions. Inspired by this computational movement, this study uses Bayesian networks analysis, combining both the frequentist and the Hamiltonian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach, to investigate the highly representative elements in the cultural evolution of a Vietnamese city’s architecture in the early 20th century. With a focus on the façade design of 68 old houses in Hanoi’s Old Quarter (based on 78 data lines extracted from 248 photos), the study argues that it is plausible to look at the aesthetics, architecture, and designs of the house façade to find traces of cultural evolution in Vietnam, which went through more than six decades of French colonization and centuries of sociocultural influence from China. The in-depth technical analysis, though refuting the presumed model on the probabilistic dependency among the variables, yields several results, the most notable of which is the strong influence of Buddhism over the decorations of the house façade. Particularly, in the top 5 networks with the best Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) scores and p<0.05, the variable for decorations (DC) always has a direct probabilistic dependency on the variable B for Buddhism. The paper then checks the robustness of these models using Hamiltonian MCMC method and find the posterior distributions of the models’ coefficients all satisfy the technical requirement. Finally, this study suggests integrating Bayesian statistics in the social sciences in general and for the study of cultural evolution and architectural transformation in particular.
Keywords cultural evolution  Hanoi architecture  Old Quarter  house façade   French colonialism  Franco Chinese style  Bayesian network  Hamiltonian Markov chain Monte Carlo  Buddhism
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Towards a Unified Science of Cultural Evolution.Alex Mesoudi, Andrew Whiten & Kevin N. Laland - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):329-347.
A Continuum of Mindfulness.Daniel Dennett & Ryan McKay - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):353-354.

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Several Issues on Study of the History of China Logic.Jin-Cheng Zhai - 2007 - Nankai University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 4:36-45.
Intelligent Design in Cultural Evolution.Lee Cronk - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):352-353.
From Bridewealth to Dowry?Laura Fortunato, Clare Holden & Ruth Mace - 2006 - Human Nature 17 (4):355-376.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-03-03

Total views
179 ( #51,022 of 2,385,661 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
51 ( #13,797 of 2,385,661 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes