Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (1):87-117 (2004)
AbstractAbduction was first introduced in the epistemological context of scientific discovery. It was more recently analyzed in artificial intelligence, especially with respect to diagnosis analysis or ordinary reasoning. These two fields share a common view of abduction as a general process of hypotheses formation. More precisely, abduction is conceived as a kind of reverse explanation where a hypothesis H can be abduced from events E if H is a good explanation of E. The paper surveys four known schemes for abduction that can be used in both fields. Its first contribution is a taxonomy of these schemes according to a common semantic framework based on belief revision. Its second contribution is to produce, for each non-trivial scheme, a representation theorem linking its semantic framework to a set of postulates. Its third contribution is to present semantic and axiomatic arguments in favor of one of these schemes, ordered abduction, which has never been vindicated in the literature.
Similar books and articles
On the logic of iterated belief revision.Adnan Darwiche & Judea Pearl - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence 89 (1-2):1-29.
Ignorance and semantic tableaux: Aliseda on abduction.John Woods - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):305-318.
Model-based and manipulative abduction in science.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):219-247.
Abductive reasoning: Logic, visual thinking, and coherence.P. Thagard & C. P. Shelley - 1997 - In [Book Chapter].
Advice on Abductive Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2006 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 14 (2):189-219.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
An epistemic and dynamic approach to abductive reasoning: Abductive problem and abductive solution.Fernando R. Velázquez-Quesada, Fernando Soler-Toscano & Ángel Nepomuceno-Fernández - 2013 - Journal of Applied Logic 11 (4):505-522.
Reasoning Processes as Epistemic Dynamics.Fernando Velázquez-Quesada - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (1):41-60.
Abduction and the Semiotics of Perception.Claudine Tiercelin - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (153 - 1/4):389-412.
Cognitive Abduction in the Study of Visual Culture.María G. Navarro & Noemi de Haro García - 2012 - Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Western and Eastern Studies 2:205-220.
À propos du sens des modèles à base d’agent avec interactions complexes en économie.Denis Phan - 2019 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 20 (2):181-218.
References found in this work
Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science.Carl Gustav Hempel - 1965 - New York: The Free Press.
Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - London and New York: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
A Theory of Conditionals.Robert Stalnaker - 1968 - In Nicholas Rescher (ed.), Studies in Logical Theory (American Philosophical Quarterly Monographs 2). Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 98-112.