Applying Recent Argumentation Methods to Some Ancient Examples of Plausible Reasoning

Argumentation 28 (1):85-119 (2014)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Plausible (eikotic) reasoning known from ancient Greek (late Academic) skeptical philosophy is shown to be a clear notion that can be analyzed by argumentation methods, and that is important for argumentation studies. It is shown how there is a continuous thread running from the Sophists to the skeptical philosopher Carneades, through remarks of Locke and Bentham on the subject, to recent research in artificial intelligence. Eleven characteristics of plausible reasoning are specified by analyzing key examples of it recognized as important in ancient Greek skeptical philosophy using an artificial intelligence model called the Carneades Argumentation System (CAS). By applying CAS to ancient examples it is shown how plausible reasoning is especially useful for gaining a better understanding of evidential reasoning in law, and argued that it can also be applied to everyday argumentation. Our analysis of the snake and rope example of Carneades is also used to point out some ways CAS needs to be extended if it is to more fully model the views of this ancient philosopher on argumentation

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,480

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

A Carneades Reconstruction of Popov V Hayashi.Thomas F. Gordon & Douglas Walton - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (1):37-56.
Argument Diagram Extraction From Evidential Bayesian Networks.Jeroen Keppens - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (2):109-143.
Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Did He Jump or Was He Pushed?: Abductive Practical Reasoning.Katie Atkinson - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (2):79-99.
Reasoning About Knowledge Using Defeasible Logic.Douglas Walton - 2011 - Argument and Computation 2 (2-3):131 - 155.
Defeasible Reasoning in Japanese Criminal Jurisprudence.Katsumi Nitta & Masato Shibasaki - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 5 (1-2):139-159.

Analytics

Added to PP
2013-11-14

Downloads
41 (#282,536)

6 months
1 (#417,896)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Christopher Tindale
University of Windsor
Douglas Walton
Last affiliation: University of Windsor

References found in this work

Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Christopher Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rhetoric. Aristotle & C. D. C. Reeve - 2018 - Hackett Publishing Company.

View all 23 references / Add more references