Computational Dialectic and Rhetorical Invention

AI and Society 26 (1):2011 (2012)
This paper has three dimensions, historical, theoretical and social. The historical dimension is to show how the Ciceronian system of dialectical argumentation served as a precursor to computational models of argumentation schemes such as Araucaria and Carneades. The theoretical dimension is to show concretely how these argumentation schemes reveal the interdependency of rhetoric and logic, and so the interdependency of the normative with the empirical. It does this by identifying points of disagreement in a dialectical format through using argumentation schemes and critical questions. The social dimension is to show how the Ciceronian dialectical viewpoint integrates with the use of computational tools that can be used to support the principle of reason-based deliberation and facilitate deliberative democracy.
Keywords Argumentation schemes  Informal logic  Ciceronian rhetoric  Carneades model  Deliberative democracy  Fallacies  Persuasion
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DOI 10.1007/s00146-010-0279-1
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References found in this work BETA
Chaïm Perelman (1969). The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation. Notre Dame, [Ind.]University of Notre Dame Press.

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