Synthese 179 (3):377 - 407 (2011)

Authors
Douglas Walton
University of Windsor
Abstract
This paper argues that some traditional fallacies should be considered as reasonable arguments when used as part of a properly conducted dialog. It is shown that argumentation schemes, formal dialog models, and profiles of dialog are useful tools for studying properties of defeasible reasoning and fallacies. It is explained how defeasible reasoning of the most common sort can deteriorate into fallacious argumentation in some instances. Conditions are formulated that can be used as normative tools to judge whether a given defeasible argument is fallacious or not. It is shown that three leading violations of proper dialog standards for defeasible reasoning necessary to see how fallacies work are: (a) improper failure to retract a commitment, (b) failure of openness to defeat, and (c) illicit reversal of burden of proof
Keywords Fallacy theory  Argumentation  Argumentation schemes  Formal dialog systems  Burden of proof  Evidence  Profiles of dialog  Artificial intelligence
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-009-9657-y
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 56,999
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Concept of Law.Hla Hart - 1961 - Oxford University Press.
Fallacies.C. L. Hamblin - 1970 - Vale Press.
Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
A Pragmatic Theory of Fallacy.Douglas Walton - 2003 - University Alabama Press.

View all 30 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Ethics of Argumentation.Vasco Correia - 2012 - Informal Logic 32 (2):222-241.
Are Fallacies Vices?Andrew Ball - 2016 - Topoi 35 (2):423-429.

View all 9 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-10-03

Total views
83 ( #120,276 of 2,410,447 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #244,706 of 2,410,447 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes